Thailand has an estimated 580,000 adults and children infected with HIV. Although Thailand prevention efforts have reduced the overall number of new annual HIV infections, the infection rate among people previously considered to be at low risk has increased. In 2005, married women, who were likely infected by their spouses, accounted for an estimated one third of new infections.

ICAP’s only partner in Southeast Asia is Bangkok’s Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre. In 2003, the centre began enrolling families into ICAP's MTCT-Plus Initiative. Beyond supporting family-focused HIV care and treatment at the centre’s five locations, ICAP also focuses on prevention of HIV transmission between partners. The program is distinguished for its novel use of peer educators and outreach workers to enhance services for patients.

Additional ICAP-support activities include:

  • HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment, including provision of antiretroviral therapy
  • Integrated tuberculosis/HIV care and treatment
  • Rapid HIV testing for adults and children
  • Diagnostic testing/analysis, including Dried Blood Spot DNA PCR testing for infants
  • Training programs for all cadres of healthcare providers of HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment
  • Community outreach
  • HIV support groups, including medication and treatment adherence
  • Peer education programs
  • Social services/social support
  • Nutrition support
  • Referral services
  • Home-based/community-based visits
  • Development and implementation of patient-information systems
  • Pharmacy services
  • Laboratory support
  • Targeted evaluations