Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of HIV

Each year, more than 700,000 children are born infected with HIV. More than 90 percent of these children will contract the virus from their mothers during pregnancy, labor and delivery, or breastfeeding. Reducing mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV is a primary focus of ICAP’s prevention efforts.

ICAP works with healthcare systems to develop PMTCT programs that identify HIV-infected pregnant women in antenatal care settings and provide key interventions for HIV during pregnancy and after delivery. PMTCT programs also focus on health education, including best breastfeeding practices to reduce transmission risk and nutrition. ICAP-supported PMTCT programs provide testing and follow-up care for HIV-exposed infants, partners and family members of HIV-infected mothers. To ensure continuity of care, PMTCT programs also link HIV-infected mothers, their children and partners, to long-term care and treatment programs.

Psychosocial support is an integral component of ICAP-supported PMTCT activities. Through individual counseling and support groups, HIV-infected mothers and family members learn about treatment adherence and coping skills. Ultimately, ICAP-supported PMTCT activities provide opportunities to improve maternal and child health services.