Tons of people fear HIV and strongly believe they are possible contenders for it, but believe it or not; the certainty of contracting HIV is not easy. It’s almost impossible for an individual. Especially Ebola because of its recent “apocalypse”, but we’ll come around that later. Let’s focus on HIV.
Here are some of the common fears of HIV and its evidences.
1. Coughing: It is noteworthy that HIV is not an airborne disease. It possibly cannot be transmitted through coughing or even sneezing for that matter. It doesn’t matter if you’re being coughed at by, onto any eatable substance.
2. Insect bites: Insects like mosquito cannot spread HIV through bites. It’s more to the virus than that. People often tend to think if mosquitoes can sting Malaria into a person, then how can that be an exception for HIV. But the thing is, HIV is a whole new story. The HIV doesn’t survive in the blood for long. But assuming it would, the bit of HIV has no chance at all to serve. Now this doesn’t mean HIV cannot be transmitted through blood, it’s on the paper of risks alongside semen, vaginal fluids and milk (breast).
3. Eating elsewhere: Eating at hotels, restaurants is also considered a fear amongst a majority. It’s commonly thought that a cut on the cook or the waiter could lead to HIV, but that’s not the case. The HIV doesn’t stay around longer to impose a risk. People tend to think deep, but the cape around their fear is right on them.
4. Sharing food: Saliva is not one of those 4 contingencies. The 4 contingencies as mentioned includes blood (not via bites), sexual fluids and breast milk.
Ebola virus – This virus was formed long ago. But its outbreak was in as recent as 2014, from west Africa. This is surely a contagious disease but people tend to fear it a lot more than they’re supposed to.
Common fears of Ebola:
1. Prejudice against Africans – This virus has turned many people into racists. People are in a view that anyone who’s from Africa is an Ebola patient, which is just a myth. Ebola is not even contracted to a fair 5% of total Africans, so it’s most probably that the African living in your neighborhood doesn’t have Ebola.
2. Ebola is airborne – There might have been a recent outbreak of Ebola, but Ebola was discovered almost 4 decades ago and never once did a case came up that Ebola was caught airborne. It is really hard to catch.
3. Ebola means death – Another common misconception is that Ebola being considered an auto death. But if you look at the statistics, that mortality rate is about 50-60%. The window of rates vary a lot, but 50-60% is the average mortality rate.
4. Being with someone with Ebola is a big NO – People think hanging out with an Ebola infected person is one of the greatest risks. Now that’s a big NO. Ebola can only be contracted through bodily fluid so as long as you don’t come in contact with the person infected and maintain your distance, the risk is really low.
Columbia University’s International Center for AIDS Care and Treatment Programs (ICAP) have teamed up with the UK Department for International Development (DFID) to provide rapid evaluation of Sierra Leone’s Ebola Community Care Centers (CCCs).
DFID have been supporting the setting up of CCCs in Sierra Leone in order to combat the further spread of ebola in Sierra Leone, which has been badly affected by the ebola outbreak. The adage that prevention is better than cure is certainly true of ebola. The average mortality rate for those infected with ebola is approximately 50% but the chance of survival can be improved by early detection and prevention of dehydration.
Ebola was first described in 1976 but the current outbreak, which began in Guinea in 2013, has been by far the worst. According to the World health Organization (WHO), 7833 deaths have been caused during the current outbreak. Ebola may be spread through bodily contact and the transmission of bodily fluids. Because of this, it is very important that adequate isolation and quarantine facilities are available for anyone suspected of, or believes they may be carrying the disease.
ICAP are working in collaboration with DFID’s Sierra Leone Ebola Response Team. They will evaluate the procedures in place in eight CCCs in four different districts in Sierra Leone – Port Loko, Bombali, Western Area and Koinadagu. Using a combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches, ICAP will evaluate the safety practices and operational feasibility of these centers. This will involve, for example, assessing the provision of medical supplies and other necessities but also evaluating the procedures and practices of the staff. The careful use of proper medical procedures is crucial to management consulting prevention of ebola infection. In a healthcare setting, masks, gowns and gloves must be used diligently to avoid the spread of infected bodily fluids and infection of the healthcare workers or other non-infected patients. The attitude of patients and the local communities to the centers will also be evaluated.
The philosophy behind a CCC is very much supportive of business consulting & community involvement. The idea is that if a person suspects they may have ebola or has been exposed to the disease, they come forward and are provided with the appropriate care. This can involve quarantining of the individual or group while they are monitored for signs of the disease. Patients who are found to be infected by ebola are put into isolation and provided with supportive treatment to manage dehydration, nausea and other symptoms. No specific treatment is currently approved. A positive outcome will depend on early detection and the health of the individual.
The head of ICAP Dr. Wafaa El-Sadr has explained the importance of the assessment: “Rapid feedback from the planned evaluation will contribute to shaping the current CCCs and help inform the design and implementation of future CCCs to be established in Sierra Leone.” The ultimate goal of the rapid assessment being carried out by ICAP is that the recommendations can be shared with other key players in the fight against ebola. These will include the Ministry of Health, the National Ebola Response Centre and the DFID.
The AIDS epidemic has claimed the lives of over 35,000,000 men, women, and children world wide. In 2004 ICAP (International Center AIDS Program) was founded under the leadership of Dr. Wafaa El-Sadr. This program was originally designed to battle the AIDS epidemic on the front lines. With over 1000 dedicated staff members and locations all across the world, ICAP has broaden its horizon to fighting other major illnesses. ICAP has a very specific three part program that has successfully saved the life of millions of people across the world.
The three part program consist of program, research, and training. The program portion of ICAP consists of the entire program world wide. It has 3300 permanent facilities located in over 21 countries. They collaborate with national institutions of the United States, as well as the Sub-Sahara Africa and Central Asia. The end goal is to build better health systems and install stronger, more substantial results for each patient. ICAP is highly dedicated to researching all serious life threatening illnesses. With their highly trained staff and innovative equipment, they find the common ground among all patients with the same disease, study the environment, as well as the patient involved, and find ways to treat or cure the person of the illness. The training is an ongoing process. It entails keeping the current health care workers trained on the latest treatment techniques, as well as training the new health care workers with all the latest technology.
ICAP has proven to be successful in the fight against AIDS so much, that is now is the leader in battling malaria, tuberculosis, maternal and childhood diseases, and other noncommunicable diseases. In AIDS research, ICAP takes aggressive action in gathering enough medication for the calculated number of patients affected. They will monitor the patient from the first initial visit through until they feel the condition is stable as well as educate them as the proper action steps needed if symptoms worsen or become active. ICAP takes this action as well for tuberculosis as well as malaria.
ICAP believes in educating all patients in preventing disease. They will educate men that have had sex with women and others about safety and the use of birth control. They will educate the public about STD’s and what to watch for with the current outbreak of the disease claiming the lives of so many. They educate mothers and expectant mothers to care for themselves properly, warning signs to watch for, as well as how to properly treat themselves and children if they were to become infected with the disease.
Since 2004 ICAP has proven itself in making miraculous scientific breakthroughs of AIDS and other deadly illnesses. This program is always looking for interested persons to assist in the battle against life threatening diseases. If you want to help, you can donate to the cause you want, or discuss with them about how to volunteer. There could be a local fundraiser, phone calls needed to be made, or you could train to fight the fight at the front lines.
Today, being HIV positive in the underdeveloped countries is not a death sentence as many people thought it was some years back. Great changes have taken place in the health sector and today, more than one million people are able to get access to the lifesaving (antiretroviral therapy) ART. This has been made much possible through the help of ICAP support programs.
The future looks much promising, since the year 2003, ICAP has grown to support be of much benefit to over 3000 people across sub Saharan Africa, the central and southern of Asia.
Benefits of ICAP to the society
The organization has helped to bring many changes in the lives of people in Africa and the rest of the world. They include
Immense contributions in the national and the international guidelines about the treatment of HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, cancer and maternal child health, a ray of hope to many desperate people.
Develop curricula and training tools that are helpful in the training of health workers. This helps greatly improve the health generally.
Promotes the field of research in the clinical field, advocating for prevention and change of behavior. They also answer health system related questions.
The organization helps to renovate labs and clinics to help bring a better and sustainable infrastructure.
The organization helps to promote and adopt innovations; they also take in recommendations and accept new guidance that will ultimately bring great changes in the medical field.
What ICAP has to offer?
Beneficial programs, ICAP is in charge of supporting health programs that address major health issues. With more than 3000 health facilities, more people have been reached in more than 21 countries. The programs also cater for key populations like drug users, homosexuals and are even committed to ensure that positive outcome.
Conducting research, with much emphasis on research, answers to health problems are reached. Through thorough conduct, the root source of problems has been got. In addition, better ways to prevent common diseases are discovered and implemented.
Public training, ICAP is out there to ensure that its effect is well felt. To ensure this, it has committed to train more health workers in different programs. It is also committed to enhancing skills of the already existing workers to make them much more productive. On job mentorship and patient tracking has been of much help to ensure that their work is noted.
Tips to help you benefit from ICAP
Get to know of their programs, for you to benefit from this organization; you have to know the different products that they have for you. Apart from the HIV treatment, they also got treatments for ailments like malaria, tuberculosis and even assisting in midwifery.
Know where they work, the organization is committed to reach everyone out there. By knowing where to find them, you can be sure that accessing their services will not be a big deal. One can also work with them if you got the required skills.
Knowing their work is also of great benefit, this will help to reduce confusion and cases of over expectation from them. Know what they can deliver to you and what they cannot. It will help you get a great taste of this great organization.
The International Center for Aids Care and Treatment is a leading health care organization based and founded at the Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health. It was founded in 2004 by Dr. Wafaa El-Sadr, a leading expert in the field of public health. At the helm of the organization, Dr. El-Sadr greatly focused on ways in which the fight against HIV could be scaled up through prevention, caring for the infected and treatment to ensure longer life. Together with her colleagues and the limited resources available, she initiated massive treatment programs all over the world that have greatly contributed to the strides made in the fight against the spread of HIV.
Countries of Operations
Until today, ICAP works in over a dozen countries all over the world with Africa taking the largest share of the services offered by ICAP through their programs. Some of these African countries include: Cameroon, Cote d’Ivoire, DRC, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. Some have been healthy enough to still celebrate carnival a local festival & party. In Asia, the organization has its presence in Central Asia, Myanmar and Thailand. In America, the organization is based in North America.
Products and Programs
Even though ICAP was founded mainly to tackle the spread of HIV, it has expanded over time to introduce new products that form the basis of their programs. Currently, the organization addresses other health concerns such as Malaria, Tuberculosis, Maternal health, child health and other non-communicable diseases. In the countries of operations, the organization collaborates with already existing institutions both in the local and national levels to conduct medical research on how to handle the changing health challenges and provide training for capacity building. The organization also supports innovative programs in the health sector through Innovations in Nursing and Midwifery Education.
ICAP has always aimed at strengthening health systems through the implementation of innovative and sustainable solutions in the health sector. For this reason, the organization collaborates with governments, stake holders and communities in:
· Developing guidelines on various treatment procedures for diseases like HIV, malaria, maternal-child health, malaria and cancer.
· Supporting local and facility teams in the implementation of programs and improving on these programs.
· Tailoring curricula for training institutions and even equipping these institutions.
· Renovating laboratories and clinics while ensuring their infrastructure is in good shape and sustainable even for the future.
· Prompting adaptation of new innovations and adoption of new guidelines, integrated models of care and technical tools.
· Emphasizing quality in health programs through training, mentorship and participatory improvement methods.
· Supporting multidisciplinary teams aimed at building capacity, shifting and sharing tasks.
· Committing to community involvement by supporting peer educator groups and other local organizations.
· Implementing strict supervision and analysis of methodologies with data-focused measurement of progress.
· Promoting relevant and excellent research.
ICAP is greatly contributing to the improvement of health care and its systems. This is evident from its key achievements which include: supporting over 2.1 million people to access HIV care, supporting up to 3,300 health facilities all over the world, reducing child mortality and much more.
What is ICAP?
Icap stands for International Centre for Aids Care and Treatment Programs. Icap started working in Columbia in since 2004. It was started with the sole purpose of helping improve the health of families and communities.
The Mission of ICAP
Icap aims to work in conjunction with individuals at every level of the health care system, including patients, health care providers , as well as government officials; in order to deliver a high –performing health system that is capable of providing strong initiatives for the provision of quality and affordable health care. Icap deals with the world’s most pressing health threats, and collaborates with its partners from around the world, in order to implement transformative solutions and therefore meet the needs of individuals.
ICAP main focus
Icap’s main focus is in providing comprehensive, family focused HIV services. This organization is known for the following reasons:
– Its ability for capacity building,
– Its innovative, effective, as well as ethical programs which are usually implemented in very challenging resource – deficient settings.
– For its collaborative and supportive approach aimed at strengthening government health systems as well as its local partners’ to offer high quality health services.
This far, ICAP has managed to address major public health challenges; as well as the needs of local health systems in 3300 locations or more, across 21 countries.
The Work of ICAP
This organization has a work force of more than 3000 employees throughout the world. It focuses on Programs, research, and training in its efforts to improve the health of families and communities.
ICAP supports health programs that are geared towards addressing major health issues in all the health facilities and counties that it is present. Its programs apply a multidisciplinary framework to support programs its programs. Additionally, it is involved in supporting preventive activities that target key populations such as homosexuals and injecting drug users, among others. ICAP uses innovation to attain its goals.
ICAP applies its extensive research expertise in trying to tackle global health challenges. Its research projects help to assess outcomes of programs and policies. The research also focuses on implementing science. ICAP’s research findings have been instrumental in shaping national as well as international guidelines on the treatment of diseases such as HIV, malaria, and tuberculosis, among others.
ICAP aims at building lasting skills as well as capacity building in collaboration with its stake holders. Its training diverse programs are geared towards enhancing the skills of individuals at every level of health management teams. The training also incorporates on –the-job mentorship in order to enhance skills. Additionally, ICAP helps implement innovations that are essential for improving critical processes including patient tracking as well as systems for laboratory sample transport. Internships and fellowships are also offered.
Benefits of ICAP
The following are the benefits of working with ICAP:
– It makes contributions to both national and international guidelines in the treatment of such diseases as HIV, cancer, TB, malaria, as well as maternal -child health.
– Provides curricular and tools for training health workers.
-Helps in renovating labs and clinics in order to better equip them and improve infrastructure.
-Encourages the adaptation and adoption of innovations such as recommendations from new guidelines, integrated models of care, and technical tools.
-Helps to emphasize quality through training, establishment of standards of care, mentorship, as well as the adaptation of participatory continuous quality improvement methods.
-Supporting multidiscipline teams aimed at capacity building as well as task sharing and shifting.
-Partners in the development of workforce through supporting the training of nurses and capacity building.
-Commits to become involved in community engagement through the support it gives to peer educator groups as well as community based organizations.
-The implementation of rigorous monitoring and evaluating methodologies involving measurement of progress and achievement of indicators.
-Promoting excellence in relevant research in all areas related to health.
The world’s health has come a long way courtesy of research and development in technology. HIV/AIDS a pandemic that had gotten the world by storm sometime back has to some extent been put under control. However, the effects of HIV and AIDS go deeper than just the physical. It also has psychological effects. In this article, we will have a look at the psychology behind HIV/AIDS.
First is fear. Fear of being tested positive. This prevents many people from going to health centers to even have themselves tested. This affects those who have even been learning careful lives. Unlike some years back when if you were tested positive with the disease you sort of signed your death, with the technology that we have, there are ways that you can live positive normally. The medication that is available and the help form many governments and organizations ensure that people living positive get access to these medication. As such, one should not be afraid of testing. As a matter of fact, the sooner you are tested and catch the condition early, the better it will be for you.
Stigmatization by the society is another psychologist effect that is usually behind HIV and aids. People living with this condition are for the most part segregated and treated differently. People living without it tend to think that if you have it you must have gotten it as you are promiscuous and may want to talk with a therapist. What many forget is the fact that there are several ways in which one can contract the condition. Either through blood transfusion baby to child or sex. Though sex is the most common method of transmission. There are however seminars and workshops held in many parts of the world by health organizations to educate people on this.
As stated before, the fact that you may have HIV/AIDS does not mean that you will eventually die of the condition. No as a matter of fact, what it means is that you only have to change your lifestyle. Live healthy and pay attention to your body especially when you are coming down with a cold. This is because with HIV/AIDS what takes you down are opportunistic diseases and not the HIV virus itself.
Depression is also an emotion that is associated with the condition. Feeling unworthy, not wanting to face the world and lacking the motivation to face the world and go about your day to day duties. Here the society comes in as they can help the patients feel that they are no different from them and that they are just as capable as the rest of the society. The HIV patients are not the only ones who may be hit by depression. The family of the patient too may lose hope especially if the one affected was the breadwinner of the home. Understandable so, but the fact that medicine has made huge strides in combating the virus, you should have nothing to worry about.
There is a lot to say on the psychology behind HIV/AIDS, however, the above are just some of the factors that fall under it.
Throughout history there have always been a disease or virus that would cause thousands of deaths and the rest of the population to go into a panic. One of todays biggest health issues is Ebola. Recently, an Ebola outbreak as occurred in the United States. Ebola alerts are becoming more and more common due to the fast spreading. Recently more Ebola alerts have surfaced with a third case. On November 6, 2014 Martin Salia began having symptoms of Ebola. Mostly like he became in contact with Ebola the same way another Ebola patient has, by treating Ebola patients in other countries. Martin Salia had been treating patients in Sierra Leone. Sierra Leone is one of the many places in West Africa that have been hit by the Ebola virus.
This case and many others around the globe has people concerned what will happen with the Ebola break out. Those who at someone point where outside of their country are at risk, especially those traveling to Africa may have want to used an sms alert program. Due to easy transportation in today’s time, this make the spreading of a disease much easier to spread. How ebola is spread is much like any other virus. However, contrary to popular belief, it has not been proven that coughing or sneezing will spread Ebola. Of course, it is best to avoid. Blood or body fluids are the most contagious ways of getting Ebola.
Multiple Ebola sms alert platform have issued warning signs of Ebola. However, these symptoms sound very much like the common cold or flu virus. Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea. stomach pain, chest pains, and coughing are common symptoms of Ebola. Other symptoms include severe weight loss, red eyes, rash that is raised on the skin, and bleeding that can occur from the eyes, ears, mouth, and nose that is usually accompanied by bruising as well. One of the main issues that depend on life and death with Ebola is hydration and timing. Currently, there is no cure for Ebola. Those who do survive it had to stay very hydrated which can be difficult when fighting this particular virus. Timing is another crucial factor. Due to the common symptoms that occur in colds and flu’s, proper diagnose can be difficult. Since Ebola has occurred in the United States, all doctors and hospitals will ask if you have been outside of the country or had any contact with someone who has been infected by the Ebola virus. To determine if someone has Ebola, there will have to be a test, otherwise symptoms could cause a misdiagnose.
The Center for Disease Control has replied to these Ebola alerts stating that an Ebola outbreak in the United States is approximately 2 percent. Although we have had cases of Ebola in the United States, it is important to remember how these people contracted the virus to begin with. People who have traveled to West Africa and those who treated patients in both the United States and other countries are the ones who have been infected. Due to these facts, international travel has became much more strict when attempting to enter the United States and many other countries to decrease the chances of someone spreading the virus furthermore.